A 67-year-old Japanese woman had worsening edema in her right thigh and hip area for 3 years. She had previously undergone extended hysterectomy with lymph node dissection for endometrial cancer 8 years before. Indocyanine green test showed antegrade and retrograde lymph flow. Four LVAs were made in the right medial thigh and right lower abdominal area under local anesthesia. Lymphedema showed rapid improvement within 12 months and compression therapy was not required at 24 months after LVA. Retrograde LVA has a possibility of a more efficacy for secondary lymphedema. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals,
Inc. Microsurgery, 2012. “
“Free tissue transfer has become a popular technique Ivacaftor for soft tissue defect reconstruction in head
and neck cancer ablation. Although high success rates and good reliability of free flaps are proven, microvascular thrombosis is still the most critical issue for microsurgeons. Pharmacological antithrombotic agents are widely used but their efficacy is still debated. In this study, we analyzed whether prostaglandin-E1 (PGE1) and dextran-40 can improve the outcomes compared to no antithrombotic therapy at all. We retrospectively reviewed 1,351 free flaps performed for head and neck reconstruction after cancer ablation. Three groups defined were 232 flaps received PGE1, 283 flaps received dextran-40, and 836 received no antithrombotic therapy. Tipifarnib nmr The demographics of these three groups indicated no statistical differences. The results showed that flap survival revealed no significant Parvulin difference among PGE1, dextran-40, and control group (P = 0.734). There was a tendency to hematomas in PGE1 group (P = 0.056) when compared with other two groups. Dextran-40 significantly increased flap failure rate in high-risk patients with diabetes mellitus (P = 0.006) or hypertension (P = 0.003), when compared with PGE1 and control group. These results revealed antithrombotic therapy with PGE1 and dextran-40 do not determine a significant improvement in flap survival. © 2012 Wiley
Periodicals, Inc. Microsurgery, 2012. “
“Injuries of the common peroneal nerve (CPN) are frequent and associated with poor motor outcomes. So far, the opinion is held, that nerve reconstruction is reasonable and indicated up to 6 months after injury. We describe successful sural nerve interposition grafting in a patient with neuroma-in-continuity formation of the CPN, presenting with foot drop, 13 months after injury. Due to this positive result, we think nerve grafting in neuroma-in-continuity lesions of the CPN should be contemplated in patients with foot drop even more than one year after injury. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Microsurgery, 2013. “
“We developed a biodegradable poly-lactide (PLA) film with a honeycomb-patterned porous structure (honeycomb film). This study investigated the use of this film in neurorrhaphy.