“Aims: To evaluate whether changes in opening

“Aims: To evaluate whether changes in opening PLX4032 inhibitor detrusor pressure (ODP) are associated with resolution of overactive bladder symptoms in women undergoing surgical correction of pelvic organ prolapse. Methods: Forty women with DO and OAB together with anterior wall prolapse who underwent a repair between 2003 and 2007 were studied. Each woman was assessed pre- and post-operatively with a clinical assessment and cystometry. Opening pressures were recorded pre- and post-operatively for each patient by retrospective review of the pressure

flow traces. Patients were divided into those who experienced resolution of OAB symptoms and those with persistent OAB symptoms. Wilcoxon matched pairs signed rank test was used LY2835219 nmr to assess any change in opening pressures between these groups. Results: Resolution of urgency with an anterior repair was associated with a significant fall in ODP from a mean of 27.9 to 11.7 cm H(2)O(P = 0.01). There was no significant preoperative difference in ODP between women in whom urgency resolved and those in whom it did not. Conclusion: These results suggest that a fall

in ODP is associated with resolution of urgency in women undergoing prolapse surgery. This may imply that decreased urethral resistance is of importance in symptom resolution. Neurourol. Urodynam. 30:595-598, 2011. (C) 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.”
“Purpose: The aim of this work was to determine the content of total phenols, total flavonoids, anthocyanins, as well as antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of hawthorn (Crataegus oxyacantha L.) alcohol, hydroalcohol Liproxstatin-1 and aqueous extracts.

Methods: The content of total phenols, flavonoids and anthocyanins of the alcohol, hydroalcohol and aqueous extracts of hawthorn were determined using spectrophotometric methods. Antioxidant assay was based on the measurement of DPPH absorbance at 517 nm caused by the reaction of DPPH

with the test sample. Antimicrobial activity was evaluated by measuring the zone of inhibition against selected test microorganisms: Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Salmonella abony while antifungal activity was tested against two organisms: Aspergillus niger and Candida albicans.

Results: The results of spectrophotometric investigations indicate that the content of total phenol compounds in the investigated extracts varied from 2.12 to 30.63 mg GAE g(-1) of fresh hawthorn sample. The content of anthocyanins ranged from 0.3207 to 3.168 mg of cyanidin-3-O-glucoside g(-1) of fresh hawthorn fruit. The fruit extracts showed high antioxidant activity with DPPH radical transformation value as high as 89.9 % in the methanol-water (50/50, v/v%)) extract. The ethanol extract exhibited antimicrobial activity against all test microorganisms except two, Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus, and one species of fungi, Aspergillus niger.

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