macrorhynchus) pilot whales because of their similarity in appearance and their overlapping summertime range in some areas. We developed a photograph-based approach to distinguish between species of free-ranging pilot whales in the northwest Atlantic. We collected skin samples and photographs during the summers of 2004–2007 and used skin samples to distinguish species based on mitochondrial DNA. Relative morphometric measurements from photographs were examined using mixed-effect models and logistic ABT-263 regression. The best
model among 94 candidate models had an overall classification error rate of 2.5%. We tested the presence/absence of pigmentation in four regions of the dorsal body (melon, eye, cape, and saddle) for differences. Pigmentation was present in all four regions in 100% of the SFPWs sampled. Melon patch, blaze, and saddle patch pigmentation were present in 6%, 68%, and 50%, respectively, of the LFPWs, but the cape was completely absent. Both types of analyses provided positive species discrimination of free-ranging animals. We created a cost-effective, simple tool which could ultimately assist in providing appropriate management, mitigation, and conservation strategies for both northwest Atlantic species of pilot whales. “
“The age distribution of 865 lactating New Zealand sea lions (NZSLs; Phocarctos
hookeri) was investigated over 3 yr (1999–2001) at two breeding colonies, Sandy Bay and Dundas Island, New Zealand. Lactating females were aged between 3 and 26 yr with a maximum Natural Product Library clinical trial observed age of 28 yr. The mean age of lactating females
was 11.1 (SE = 0.16) yr. Age distributions peaked at ages 8 and 9 with a strong skew toward younger females, likely indicative of maximum recruitment into the breeding population by this age. There were significant intersite differences in age structure and also significant interannual differences in age distributions at Sandy Bay, but not at Dundas Island. Given that the two colonies are less 上海皓元 than 10 km apart, have some interchange, and share foraging areas, these differences are surprising. However, the colony at Dundas Island is almost four times larger than Sandy Bay and may therefore be less sensitive to demographic or environmental stochasticity. That age distributions of NZSLs vary significantly over small temporal and spatial scales has important implications for the extrapolation of data from one site or year to the population level, and hence for their management and conservation. “
“Site fidelity and movements were studied for humpback whales photo-identified from 1989 to 2006 in the Abrolhos Bank, southwestern Atlantic, Brazil. A total of 2,612 individuals were identified, 374 of which were observed on more than one occasion. The cumulative number of identified whales has increased since 1989. Recapture rate was low and varied among different years.