Sertraline was administered from day 9 onwards to 12 volunteers, the other 12 receiving placebo sertraline. The CDR system was administered repeatedly on days 1, 2, and 25. Haloperidol produced impairments in attention on day 2 of the study, yet amazingly, with no intervening dosing, the second single dose administered 23 days later produced greater impairment. On measures affected the first time, the effects started sooner and were of greater magnitude, while functions not, affected on day 2 were impaired on day 25. Of 20 measures, 10 were impaired to a significantly greater extent on day Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical 25 than day 2. This effect reflected a phenomenon seen in animals dosed
with haloperidol termed “time-dependent sensitization” and was the first, demonstration that such a phenomenon exists in man. In other drug-drug interaction work, no evidence was obtained for an interaction between the SSRI fluoxetine and the MLN8237 order 5-HT1A agonist Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical flesinoxan.51 In the 11 studies described above, no interactions were seen. The same was true of the first of two interaction trials conducted with the novel antihypertensive Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical moxonidine.52 In the first
trial, no interaction between moxonidine and the antidepressant moclobemide 300 mg was identified. However, in the second study, a clear interaction between moxonidine and lorazepam 1 mg was identified. In this trial, lorazepam 1 mg produced the profile of impairment characteristic Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical of this type of benzodiazepine. Moxonidine 0.4 mg dosed alone produced no effects, but when the two drugs were codosed, the impairment identified was significantly greater than that of lorazepam 1 mg. This interaction was seen for the following CDR
measures: speed of detections in the digit vigilance task, simple reaction time, choice reaction time, and visual tracking. These were clear interactions, which would disrupt the attentional capacity of patients taking lorazepam 1 mg and moxonidine 0.4 mg together. Historical data, however,34 showed that the impairments with the combination were no greater than what would be produced Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical by lorazepam 2 mg, which will give clinicians a frame of reference when advising patients of the likely consequence of taking the two medications together. Screening for desired cognitive Montelukast Sodium effects Here the purpose of cognitive testing is to identify desired cognitive effects, which are for the most part either reversals of existing deficits or improvements to normal functioning. Over the last, 20 years, there has been a massive investment, in research into agents to treat dementia, particularly AD. This has in turn led to interest in treating a range of conditions in which cognitive function is impaired, not least normal aging. The implicit, assumption of many researchers in this field is that impairments in function are potentially capable of being reversed, but that normal function cannot, be improved.53 This assumption is fallacious, as will be illustrated in the next section.