The material was synthesized by using a nanostructured Si templat

The material was synthesized by using a nanostructured Si click here template obtained by metal-assisted wet etching of Si substrates. The realized template was covered with a thin layer of TiO2 (10 nm thick), deposited by ALD. This approach avoided the use of nanoparticles and their consequent dispersion in water. The reported results show that the excellent conformality of the titania film on high-aspect-ratio Si

nanostructures is responsible for the improved efficiency in degrading dyes in water. In particular, the nanostructured TiO2 exhibited a photo-degradation reaction rate for the MB and MO that is approximately 3 and approximately 12 times the rate of the TiO2 flat film, respectively. Thus, our results demonstrate that the TiO2 thin film coating of nanostructured TSA HDAC manufacturer surface can be efficiently used for water treatment reactors. Acknowledgements We wish to thank R. Sanz for the XRD measurements and fruitful discussions. This research GS-4997 in vitro has been supported by the FP7 European Project WATER (Grant Agreement 316082). TEM analyses were performed at BeyondNano Sub-Angstrom lab, CNR-IMM, supported by the Italian Ministry of Education and Research with the project Beyond-Nano (PON a3_00363). References 1. Zollinger H: Color Chemistry, Synthesis, Properties and Applications of Organic

Dyes and Pigments. 2nd edition. VCH: Weinheim; 1991. Interleukin-2 receptor 2. Martínez-Huitle CA, Brillas E: Decontamination of wastewaters containing synthetic organic dyes by electrochemical methods: a general review. Appl Catal B Environ 2009, 87:105–145.CrossRef 3. Haveland-Smith RB, Combes RD: Genotoxicity

of the food colours red 2G and brown FK in bacterial systems; use of structurally-related dyes and azo-reduction. Food Chem Toxicol 1980, 18:223–228.CrossRef 4. Vutskits L, Briner A, Klauser P, Gascon E, Dayer AG, Kiss JZ, Muller D, Licker MJ, Morel DR: Adverse effects of methylene blue on the central nervous system. Anesthesiology 2008, 108:684–692.CrossRef 5. Yahagi T, Degawa M, Seino Y, Matsushima T, Nagao M, Sugimura T, Hashimoto Y: Mutagenicity of carcinogenic azo dyes and their derivatives. Cancer Lett 1975, 1:91–96.CrossRef 6. Shannon MA, Bohn PW, Elimelech M, Georgiadis JG, Marinas BJ, Mayes AM: Science and technology for water purification in the coming decades. Nature 2008, 452:301–310.CrossRef 7. Malato S, Fernandez-Ibanez P, Maldonado MI, Blanco J, Gernjak W: Decontamination and disinfection of water by solar photocatalysis: recent overview and trends. Catal Today 2009, 147:1–59.CrossRef 8. Chong MN, Jin B, Chow CWK, Saint C: Recent developments in photocatalytic water treatment technology: a review. Water Res 2010, 44:2997–3027.CrossRef 9. Thompson TL, Yates JT Jr: Surface science studies of the photoactivation of TiO 2 – new photochemical processes. Chem Rev 2006, 106:4428–4453.CrossRef 10.

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