Two sets of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against human SSTR1, 2A,

Two sets of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against human SSTR1, 2A, 3 and 5 have recently been developed by two independent laboratories using rabbit and mouse hybridomas. Our aim was to evaluate the usefulness of both sets of mAbs for detection of SSTRs in NET samples as they are routinely collected in clinical practice.

Methods: Mouse and rabbit mAbs were characterized in SSTR1, 2A, 3 and 5-transfected HEK293 cells and human archival samples of pancreatic tissue and NET. Comparative analysis of mAbs was also conducted by immunostaining

of a tissue microarray composed of 75 cores of NET.

Results: Immunohistochemical analysis of HEK293 cells showed that both rabbit and mouse mAbs specifically detect their cognate receptor subtype, with mild cytoplasmic cross-reactivity observed for rabbit mAbs. Both sets of mAbs labeled normal pancreatic islets and showed PF-562271 price similar patterns SB431542 of immunoreactivity in NET controls. Direct comparison of mAb sets using a NET tissue microarray revealed strong correlation between rabbit and mouse mAbs against SSTR1 and 5, and moderate correlation for SSTR3. The rabbit mAb against SSTR2A showed higher affinity for its cognate receptor than the corresponding mouse mAb, resulting in a more reliable detection of this SSTR

Conclusions: mAbs

from both sets are reliable tools for the detection of SSTR1, 3 and 5, whereas the rabbit mAb against SSTR2A is recommended for use in routine clinical testing due to its superior binding affinity. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“Xenin-25 (Xen) is a 25-amino acid neurotensin-related peptide that activates neurotensin receptor-1 (NTSR1). We previously showed that Xen increases the effect of glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) on insulin

release 1) in hyperglycemic mice via a cholinergic relay in the periphery independent from the central nervous system and 2) in humans with normal or impaired glucose tolerance, but not type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Since this blunted response to Xen defines a novel defect in T2DM, it is important to understand how Xen regulates islet physiology.

On separate visits, subjects received intravenous graded glucose Volasertib price infusions with vehicle, GIP, Xen, or GIP plus Xen. The pancreatic polypeptide response was used as an indirect measure of cholinergic input to islets. The graded glucose infusion itself had little effect on the pancreatic polypeptide response whereas administration of Xen equally increased the pancreatic polypeptide response in humans with normal glucose tolerance, impaired glucose tolerance, and T2DM. The pancreatic polypeptide response to Xen was similarly amplified by GIP in all 3 groups. Antibody staining of human pancreas showed that NTSR1 is not detectable on islet endocrine cells, sympathetic neurons, blood vessels, or endothelial cells but is expressed at high levels on PGP9.5-positive axons in the exocrine tissue and at low levels on ductal epithelial cells. PGP9.

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