The transition towards smaller cell

size is controlled

The transition towards smaller cell

size is controlled EVP4593 clinical trial What kind of disturbance of cell size homeostasis is induced by depletion of YgjD? We considered two possibilities. First, it is possible that the control that couples cell division to cell size is lost, so that cells divide in an uncontrolled way, irrespective of their size. Second, it is conceivable that cell division remains coupled to cell size, but the target size that a cell needs to reach before initiating division decreases over time. If the decrease in cell size is the result of a controlled transition towards smaller cells, one would expect that, during the transition, the cell elongation rate and the timing of cell division would still be linked, but that this link would change quantitatively

over time. In fact this is what we observed when we analyzed each generation of cells during the depletion process separately (inserts Figure 3a and 3b). Within a given generation the time interval between divisions and the rate by which a cell elongated was negatively correlated: cells that grew faster than the average of their generation tended to initiate division more quickly; cells that grew more slowly initiated division later. This suggests that cell growth Dorsomorphin manufacturer and the timing of cell division are still linked within each generation in the depletion process, but that this link changes quantitatively over successive generations. This analysis has, however, an important limitation: cells within a given generation check details are not independent from each other. Some of these cells are more closely related, because they derive from the same mother or grandmother. This can lead to spurious correlations

between traits; in our case, this effect could lead to artificial correlations between cell elongation rates and interdivision intervals. This problem of relatedness in lineage trees is known from phylogenetic studies, where it is referred to as phylogenetic dependence [21]. In the context of phylogenetic studies, these dependencies can be resolved by analyzing differences between independent pairs of species, rather than calculating correlations on the basis of the whole phylogenetic lineage [21]. We used a variation of this approach to get an unbiased view on the relationship between cell growth and the timing of cell division: for each generation, we analyzed pairs of cells emerging from the same cell division, and calculated the difference in growth rates and in the time to division for each pair. We refer to two cells emerging from the same division as ‘sisters’ (thereby ignoring that these two cells have cell poles of different ages, [22, 23]). The differences for all sister pairs represent independent data points, and we can use them to calculate the correlation between cell growth and time to division in an unbiased way.

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