Multiple marker combinations improved sensitivity for eCCA. The most discriminant marker pair was CYP26C1
and LOC645323, which exhibited sensitivity of 83% for eCCA at a specificity of 95% (AUC 0.92). Conclusion: Novel methylation markers for CCA were identified by RRBS and validated in both iCCA Ridaforolimus supplier and eCCA. Further studies are now indicated to validate the performance of these aberrantly methylated markers in comparison to brush cytology, and in minimally invasive media such as bile, blood and stool. Disclosures: William R. Taylor – Patent Held/Filed: Exact Sciences Tracy C. Yab – Patent Held/Filed: Exact Sciences Lewis R. Roberts – Grant/Research Support: Bristol Myers Squibb, ARIAD Pharmaceuticals, BTG, Wako Diagnostics, Inova Diagnostics, Gilead Sciences David Ahlquist – Advisory Committees or Review Panels: exact sciences; Consulting: exact sciences; Grant/Research Support: exact sciences; Stock Shareholder: exact sciences John B. Kisiel – Grant/Research Support: Exact Sciences The following people have nothing to disclose: Mohammed M. Aboelsoud, Patrick H. Foote, Douglas W. Mahoney, Thomas C. Smyrk Background: Biliary tract cancers (BTCs) encompass intrahepatic and extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma ITF2357 concentration and gallbladder carcinoma (ICC, EHCC and GBC); EHCCs subdivided into perihilar and distal cholangiocarcinoma (Perihilar-CC and Distal-CC). Cholangiocytes
constitutively expressed cytokeratin 19 (CK 19) and upregulated serum CK 19 fragment (CYFRA 21-1)
had been reported in ICC; however, clinical significance of CYFRA 21-1 in BTCs remained inconclusive. Method: CYFRA 21-1, CA 19-9 and CEA were quantitated preoperatively, on postoperative 7th day (POD7) and during follow-up in 134 consecutive BTCs patients (41 ICC, 32 GBC, 31 Perihilar-CC and 30 Distal-CC) and 52 patients with benign biliary diseases. The receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curves of biomarkers were analyzed. Level of CYFRA 21-1 was correlated with patients’ clinicopathologic features and follow-up data. Results: Serum CYFRA 21-1 was significantly upregulated in BTCs and expressional difference of CYFRA 21-1 existed among BTCs subtypes. Based on the old maximal Youden’s index, cutoff value of CYFRA 21-1 was selected: 2.61 ng/mL for BTCs (sensitivity, 74.6%; specificity, 84.6%); 3.27 ng/mL both for ICC (75.6%; 96.2%) and GBC (93.7%; 96.2%); 2.27 ng/mL for Perihilar-CC (71.0%; 71.2%) and 2.61 ng/mL for Distal-CC (63.3%; 84.6%). Diagnostic capacity of CYFRA 21-1 varied among BTCs subtypes: GBC or ICC > Distal-CC or Perihilar-CC. When compared with CA19-9 and CEA, CYFRA 21-1 showed better discrimination performance in GBC and ICC; combination of these biomarkers wasn’t superior to CYFRA 21-1 alone in diagnosing BTCs or either BTCs subtypes. CYFRA 21-1 was correlated with BTCs tumor stage, including tumor number, adjacent organ invasion and TNM stage. Serum CYFRA 21-1 declined significantly on POD7 after curative resection and reelevated when tumor recurred.