However, we also acknowledge that by using a health-care payer perspective, patient costs, such as prescription co-pay and patient-specific costs for LTC accommodation were not considered. Major study strengths include our comprehensively
matched non-hip fracture cohort and analyses reported by age, sex, and residence status. We identified Belnacasan research buy significant health-care costs, entry into LTC, and mortality attributed to hip fractures. As our population ages, the number of hip fractures is estimated to increase . Unless resources are allocated toward the prevention and efficient management of Selleck Ipatasertib hip fractures, these fractures will increasingly become a major burden to our health-care system. Our results provide a framework to inform future research into the health and economic impact of osteoporotic fractures, and data can be readily used in cost-effectiveness analyses. Our results are particularly timely as new osteoporosis treatments enter the market and we examine interventions to reduce hip fracture risk among seniors. Acknowledgments This research was supported by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR, DSA-10353) and was completed as part of Milica Nikitovic’s MSc thesis. Milica BB-94 mouse Nikitovic was supported by a MSc Award in the Area of Osteoporosis from CIHR and Osteoporosis Canada
(SOM-106897), and by the Toronto Health Economics and Technology Assessment (THETA) Collaborative. Dr. Cadarette holds a CIHR New Investigator Award in Aging and Osteoporosis (MSH-95364) and an Ontario Ministry of Research and Innovation Early Researcher Award. Authors acknowledge Brogan Inc. for providing access to drug identification numbers used to identify eligible drugs. The Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences (ICES) is a nonprofit research corporation funded by
the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care. The opinions, results, and conclusions are those of the authors and are independent from the funding sources. No endorsement by CIHR, ICES, or the Ontario Ministry of Research and Innovation or Health and Long-Term Care is intended or should be inferred. Conflicts of interest None Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and the source are Cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase credited. Appendix Table 5 Health resource utilization and outcomes in second year after hip fracture compared to matched non-hip fracture cohort, by sex Females Males Percent hip fracture cohort (N = 22,418) Percent non-hip fracture cohort (N = 22,418) Percent attributable Percent hip fracture cohort (N = 7,611) Percent non-hip fracture cohort (N = 7,611) Percent attributable Resource utilization Acute hospitalizations 19.3 16.9 2.4* 20.7 19.5 1.2 Same day surgeries 8.6 11.5 −2.9* 11.2 17.2 −6.0* Emergency visits 32.1 36.6 −4.5 30.6 33.8 −3.2* Complex continuing care 1.