Paratyphi B. “
“The utility of specific strains of natural algicidal bacteria isolated from shallow wetland sediments was evaluated against several strains of algae with potential immediate or future commercial value. Two strains of bacteria, Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes AD6 and Aeromonas hydrophila AD9, were identified and demonstrated to have algicidal activity against the microalgae Neochloris oleoabundans and Dunaliella tertiolecta. These bacteria were further evaluated for the potential to improve lipid extraction using
a mild solvent extraction approach. Aeromonas hydrophila AD9 showed a nearly 12-fold increase in lipid extraction with D. tertiolecta, PD-0332991 nmr while both bacteria showed a sixfold improvement in lipid extraction with N. oleoabundans. “
“Although GlaxoSmithKline is on the way to launch the new vaccine candidate ‘RTS, S’, the search for suitable antimalarial drugs still remains an exceeding challenge because Plasmodium falciparum-mediated malaria is one of the most lethal diseases in the world. Novel innovative ideas are required to identify new potential molecular targets to be able to fight this lethal parasite efficiently. We
used an unconventional bioinformatics approach to analyze the entire genome and proteome of the Pf3D7 strain. Because the oxygen (O-) content is a decisive parameter that determines the function of a protein, we analyzed the entire Pf3D7 proteome based on O-containing amino acid expression. Our data disclose a total of four proteins encoded by chromosome (Chr)-4 and Chr-9 Alisertib that have an outstanding O-controlled character. The identification of the biological significance of
these proteins could eventually lead to new vital drug targets. “
“Division of Crop Protection Central Plantation Crops Research Institute, Kerala, India Conventional and real-time PCR assays were developed for sensitive and specific detection of Phytophthora colocasiae, an oomycete pathogen that causes leaf blight and corm rot of taro. A set of three primer pairs was designed from regions of the RAS-related protein (Ypt1), G protein alpha-subunit (GPA1) and phospho-ribosylanthranilate isomerase (TRP1) genes. In conventional PCR, the lower limit of detection was 50 pg DNA, whereas in real-time PCR, oxyclozanide the detection limit was 12.5 fg for the primer based on Ypt1 gene. The cycle threshold values were linearly correlated with the concentration of the target DNA (range of R2 = 0.911–0.999). All the primer sets were successful in detecting P. colocasie from naturally infected leaves and tubers of taro. Phytophthora colocasiae was detected from artificially infested samples after 18 and 15 h of postinoculation in conventional and real-time PCR assay, respectively. The developed PCR assay proved to be a robust and reliable technique to detect P.