Ascostromata 170–280 μm diam × 140–160 μm high, solitary, scattered, or in small groups of 2–6, especially forming on leaf veins, superficial, subglobose or globose, black, membranaceous, apapillate. Ostioles not distinct. Peridium 14–35 μm wide, composed of a single stratum, up to EPZ6438 16−31 μm thick, comprising 3–4 layers of brown pseudoparenchymatous cells of textura angularis/globulosa. Pseudoparaphyses not observed. Asci 62–68 × 25–29 μm \( \left( \overline x = 65.5 \times 27.5\,\upmu \mathrmm,\mathrmn = 15 \right) \), 8–spored, bitunicate, fissitunicate, broadly clavate to ovoid, with a 18–20 μm long pedicel, apically rounded with an ocular chamber. Ascospores 18–23 × 11–14 μm \( \left( \overline x = 20.5
\times 12.5\,\upmu \mathrmm,\mathrmn = 20 \right) \), irregularly 2–3–seriate, hyaline, aseptate, ellipsoidal-ovoid, Selleck VX-770 guttulate, smooth-walled. Asexual state not established. Material examined: BRAZIL, Rio de Janeiro, on leaves of Solani, 20 July 1887, Ule no. 734. H. Bresl. (S F10703, holotype).
Genera not studied Aplosporella Speg., Anales Soc. Ci. Argent. 10: 157 (1880) Possible synonyms Epicyta Syd., Ann. Mycol. 24: 413 (1926) Haplosporella subgen. Pleosphaeropsis (Died.) Petr. & Syd., Beih. Reprium nov. Spec. Regni veg. 42: 103 (1926) Microhaplosporella Sousa da Câmara, Agron. lusit. 11: 63 (1949) Pleosphaeropsis Died., Ann. Mycol. 14: 203 (1916) Podosporium Bonord., Handb. Allgem. Mykol. 227 (1851) Podosporium Sacc. & Schulzer, (1884) Notes: A new species of Aplosporella was described by Damm et al. (2007b) and was shown to belong in Botryosphaeriaceae. Two species of Aplosporella cluster in Botryosphaeriaceae in Fig. 1 in this study. The genus appears to have no designated generic type and its 330 this website epithets are likely to be polyphyletic (Damm et al. 2007b) and thus the genus requires further study. Dichomera Cooke, Nuovo G. Bot. Ital. 10: 24 (1878) Notes: This genus has 48 epithets and has also been recorded as a synanamorph of some
genera of Botryosphaeriaceae and requires a modern treatment. Diplodia Fr., in Montagne, Annls Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2 1: 302 (1834) Possible synonyms Cryptosphaeria Grev., Scott. Crypt. Fl. 1: pl. 13 (1822) Holcomyces Lindau, Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenb. 45: 155 (1904) Notes: This is a well-supported genus in Botryosphaeriaceae (Fig. 1). It has 1245 epithets and seriously needs a modern treatment. Phospholipase D1 The type has been studied by Alves et al. (2004) and is characterized by erumpent conidiomata in which hyaline conidia develop which become pale brown (dark brown in some species) and 1–septate at maturity. The generic type Diplodia mutila Fr. has a “Botryosphaeria stevensii” sexual state. Dothiorella Sacc., Michelia 2(no. 6): 5 (1880) Possible synonym Macrophomopsis Petr., Ann. Mycol. 22: 108 (1924) Notes: This is a well-supported genus in Botryosphaeriaceae (Phillips et al. 2005 and Fig. 1 in this study). The generic type is Dothiorella pyrenophora Berk. ex Sacc.